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Racism

Stephen Lawrence Day

April 22nd, is National Stephen Lawrence day. Steven Lawrence was killed in an unprovoked racist attack in 1993. His death sparked a national outcry and subsequent investigation, which revealed institutional racism within the police force. His mother, Doreen Lawrence, became a powerful campaigner, forcing a public inquiry into the way police dealt with Stephen's murder. Its findings made the Metropolitan Police institute major changes to all murder investigations. Doreen launched the Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust in 1998 to promote equal opportunities for young people. You can find more about the charity and the work they do for equal opportunities for children and young people here. 

https://stephenlawrenceday.org

What's the story?

On the 22nd March 2021, West London student, Richard Okorgheye disappeared from his family home. Richard has a rare type of anaemia called sickle cell. His mother, a nurse, reported his disappearance and illness to the Metropolitan Police. Ms. Joel, his mother, was told for a few days that he was an adult who could come and go as he pleased. She reports one time being told ‘If you can’t find him, how do you expect us to?’

Richard, who was in his first year as a Business and IT student and Oxford Brooks University was described by friends as ‘focused, intelligent, and loved by everyone.’ He was last seen boarding a bus, near his home in Ladbroke Grove. His body was later found in a lake in the Epping Forest area.

Due to his illness, and the necessity of shielding due to the Corona virus; the young man had only been able to leave the house during the last year for regular blood transfusions for his condition. This has impacted his mental health and highlighted the ongoing impact of the coronavirus on our young people.

This case has caught national attention, as it occurred in the same week, that a report commissioned by Boris Johnson and the Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities, concluded that there was no evidence of structural racism in the United Kingdom. Several politicians and commentators have criticised the report and the police handling of the case. The case has since been referred to the Independent Office for Police Conduct for investigation.  

What's the Story?

On April 20th 2021 a Minneapolis jury found Derek Chauvin guilty of murder in the second degree. This landmark case after the murder of George Floyd in June 2021 was a victory in the journey toward an anti-racist society. It was also seen as a moment of lament (a time to grieve and cry) because the burden of proof fell so heavily on the prosecution. There was an unprecedented amount of work from those involved at every level. It is also seen as a lamentable moment because for so many African American who have died at the hands of the police this moment of justice has been denied. Ben Lindsay, author of 'We Need to Talk About Race' and CEO of the charity Power The Fight, made this comment on his social media 'Justice, but I still feel numb. Black people... take a moment and protect your heart, body, and mind. The struggle continues.'


Reactions

Many people in the United Kingdom feel the police and the social system treat black people unfairly compared to how they treat white people (for example, £11 million has been spent in the last ten years searching for Madeleine McCann, whereas Okorgheye's mother was told 'if you can't find him, how do you expect us to?) 

David Lammy who is a London MP near to where the victim lived said this on Twitter.

"My deepest condolences to the Okorogheye family. The whole country stands with you as you mourn the loss of Richard and search for answers."

Ben Lindsay who is a Christian, Prominent anti-racism advocate and founder of the charity Power the Fight made this comment, connecting both the Sewell report and the disappearance of Richard Okorogheye.

The fact that only the Independent ran a front-page about #RichardOkorogheye body being found tells you all you need to know about how black people are perceived by the British media. Yet there’s no institutional racism, right? #sewellreport


Definitions

Racism prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one's own race is superior.

White privilege (or white skin privilege) refers to societal privilege that benefits white people over non-white people in some societies, particularly if they are otherwise under the same social, political, or economic circumstances.

Tokenism is the practice of making only a perfunctory or symbolic effort to do a particular thing, especially by recruiting a small number of people from under-represented groups in order to give the appearance of sexual or racial equality within a workforce.

Gaslighting is a tactic in which a person or entity, in order to gain more power, makes a victim question their reality, e.g “why is it always about race” "In my opinion, I don't think that they were being racist, I think..." "If you protested more peacefully, more people will listen to you"

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited red blood cell disorder in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body. Normally, the flexible, round red blood cells move easily through blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells are shaped like sickles or crescent moons. You can find more information about sickle cell anemia here:

Sickle Cell Society

 


What the Bible says

"So God created mankind in his own image. In the image of God he created them; male and female he created them"  Genesis 1:27

"The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart"  1 Samuel 16: 7

"Is this not the kind of fasting I have chosen? To lose the chains of injustice, and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke… If you do away with the yoke of oppression, with the pointing finger and malicious talk, and if you spend yourselves on behalf of the hungry, and satisfy the needs of the oppressed, then your light will rise in the darkness, and your night will become like the noonday" Isaiah 58: 6 + 9-10 

"Do not judge or you too will be judged. For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you." Matthew 7:1-2

"So Peter opened his mouth and said: “Truly I understand that God shows no partiality."  Acts 10:34

"So in Christ Jesus, you are all children of God through faith. For all of you who were baptised into Christ, have clothed yourselves with Christ. There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus." Galatians 3: 26- 28


Introducing the issue to your group

In introducing this topic to your group you may find the following approach helpful:

Listening: this is about creating space for those who have been subjected to racism to share their experience 

Learning: this is about being proactive about educating ourselves about the issues around racism in society

Looking: this is about looking into ourselves to see if our attitudes to people of other races are Godly and about looking for opportunities to actively fight racism and injustice.

Energize has lots of resources that can help you explore the issue of racism with your group (see below).  We have also curated external resources that can help you and your young people gain a better understanding of the issues and our responses to them (also see below)


Discussion questions

  • What is your reaction to the death of Richard Okorogheye
  • Have you ever felt unfairly treated in any way due to your age, sex, class, race, ability?  How did that make you feel?
  • Why do you think many people involved in the anti-racist movement are saying the conviction of Derek Chauvin is both a moment of relief and lament? 
  • Do you think Steven Lawrence day, needs a higher profile?
  • What do you think God's attitude is to racism?  (see Bible verses above)
  • Do you think that young people are likely to be less or more racist than their parents or grandparents?  Why do you think that?
  • What action or actions could you take to help combat racism?

Resources on Energize

Wonderful Youth series:

The Wonderful Youth series aims to help youth groups explore and celebrate some of the historical and current unique contributions from people of colour.

WONDERFUL YOUTH

Wonderful Youth: No Outsiders

 

World Issues Series:

7-10s

I Don't Like What I See

Under My Skin

11-14s

Wanna Be An Ally?

Is it fair

15+

OVERCOMING PREJUDICE

DON'T MATTER IF YOU'RE


Energize in the News

In August 2017 many historical issues came to the fore when Charlottesville, Virginia acted upon its plan to remove a Confederate monument - a statue to Robert E. Lee.

Charlottesville


Energize at the Movies

12 Years a Slave

’12 Years a Slave’ is a powerful true story, graphically depicting the horrors of slavery.  It shows both the best and worst of the human heart and repeatedly (though not heavy-handedly) suggests that God is the key to the best.  This section gives a chance for young people to explore some of those aspects by looking at five themes that the film raises.

12 YEARS A SLAVE SESSION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Panther

Marvel's Black Panther movie was widely regarded as breaking the mold of superhero movies in terms of its representation of people of colour.

WHY THIS MOVIE IS SO IMPORTANT

BLACK PANTHER SESSION

 

Zootropolis

‘Zootropolis’ is a great, ‘feel good’, family film set in a fun menagerie metropolis of weird and wonderful animals.  However, like all the best films, it reflects back something of what it means to be human, especially speaking to the diversity and prejudice which we find in our modern, multicultural societies.

Zootropolis Session

 

 

 

 

Belle

A poignant drama inspired by a true story about a mixed-race woman who seeks love and justice amidst racism.

BELLE SESSION

 

 

 

 

The Help

The Help is an adaptation of the novel of the same name by Kathryn Stockett and explores issues of racial discrimination in a racial hotspot (Mississippi) during the Civil Rights era (1960s) in the United States. 

THE HELP SESSION

 

 

Crash

‘Crash' sets out to explore intolerance, especially the prejudice and presumptions that exist about people from other cultures and races. It raises questions about the increasing fear of strangers in our society. In doing so, it doesn't provide neat answers to the questions it raises, but instead leaves the audience to think about it themselves.

CRASH SESSION


Video

Christian hip-hop artist Lecrae gives his reaction to the death of George Floyd.


Books for children and young people

5-6s

When We Are Alone by David Alexander Robertson.  Illustrated by Julie Flett.

When a young girl helps tend to her grandmother's garden, she begins to notice things that make her curious. Why does her grandmother have long, braided hair and beautifully coloured clothing? Why does she speak another language and spend so much time with her family? As she asks her grandmother about these things, she is told about life in a residential school a long time ago, where all of these things were taken away. When We Were Alone is a story about a difficult time in history, and, ultimately, one of empowerment and strength.

7-10s

Something Happened in My Town by Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins and Ann Hazzard.  Illustrated by Jennifer Zivoin.

Emma and Josh heard that something happened in their town. A black man was shot by the police. "Why did the police shoot that man?" "Can police go to jail?" Something Happened in Our Town follows two families - one white, one black - as they discuss a police shooting of a black man in their community. The story aims to answer children's questions about such traumatic events, and to help children identify and counter racial injustice in their own lives

 

 

Ruth and the Green Book by Calvin Alexander Ramsey and Gwen Strauss. Illustrated by Floyd Cooper

Ruth was so excited to take a trip in her family's new car! In the early 1950s, few African Americans could afford to buy cars, so this would be an adventure. But she soon found out that black travelers weren't treated very well in some towns. Many hotels and gas stations refused service to black people. Daddy was upset about something called Jim Crow laws . . .

 

11-14s

Stamped: Racism, Antiracism, and You by Jason Reynolds and Ibram Kendi

In this important and compelling young readers adaptation of his National Book Award-winning title, Dr. Ibram X. Kendi, writing with award-winning author Jason Reynolds, chronicles the story of anti-black, racist ideas over the course of American history.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Older Teens & Leaders

I'm Still Here: Black Dignity in a World Made for Whiteness by Austin Channing Brown

In a time when nearly every institution (schools, churches, universities, businesses) claims to value diversity in its mission statement, Austin writes in breathtaking detail about her journey to self-worth and the pitfalls that kill our attempts at racial justice.

Austin Channing Brown’s first encounter with a racialized America came at age seven, when she discovered her parents named her Austin to deceive future employers into thinking she was a white man. Growing up in majority-white schools and churches, Austin writes, “I had to learn what it means to love blackness,” a journey that led to a lifetime spent navigating America’s racial divide as a writer, speaker, and expert helping organizations practice genuine inclusion.

 

How to be an Antiracist by Ibram X Kendi

In this rousing and deeply empathetic book, Ibram X. Kendi, founding director of the Antiracism Research and Policy Center, shows that when it comes to racism, neutrality is not an option: until we become part of the solution, we can only be part of the problem.

Using his extraordinary gifts as a teacher and story-teller, Kendi helps us recognise that everyone is, at times, complicit in racism whether they realise it or not, and by describing with moving humility his own journey from racism to antiracism, he shows us how instead to be a force for good.

 

 

 

 

We Need To Talk About Race: Understanding the Black Experience in White Majority Churches by Ben Lindsay

From the UK Church’s complicity in the transatlantic slave trade to the whitewashing of Christianity throughout history, the Church has a lot to answer for when it comes to race relations. Christianity has been dubbed the white man’s religion, yet the Bible speaks of an impartial God and shows us a diverse body of believers.

 

 

Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race by Renni Eddo-Lodge

'Every voice raised against racism chips away at its power. We can't afford to stay silent. This book is an attempt to speak'

The book that sparked a national conversation. Exploring everything from eradicated black history to the inextricable link between class and race, Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race is the essential handbook for anyone who wants to understand race relations in Britain today.

 

 

 

White privilege: The myth of a post-racial society by Kalwant Bhopal

Why and how do those from black and minority ethnic communities continue to be marginalised? Bhopal explores how neoliberal policy-making has increased discrimination faced by those from non-white backgrounds. This important book examines the impact of race on wider issues of inequality and difference in society.


Video

A Christian Response... not pray and act  Exhortation by Pastor Agu Irukwu Jesus House Church Sunday, April 4th 2021. This is the entire church service, the most pertinent bit to this discussion starts at 1hr 56 minutes 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8F8CDmjWFk8